Etymology[ edit ] The name Golaghat gola which means shop and ghat meaning the landing point of river ferry or enclosure for boats originated from the shops established by the Marwari businessmen during the midth century at the bank of river Dhansiri near present Golaghat. During the Ahom kingdom era, there was a storehouse of cannonballs also locally called Gola and transported by local ferry Ghat, from which name Golaghat is derived.
The Doyang — Dhansiri valley came under the rule of Ahom's during the 16th century.
Prior to that, this part was ruled by the Kacharis known as Dimasas. During Ahom rule, this area was under Morongi-khowa Gohain, an administrative officer.
Hills districts. However, this artificial ornamentation by the scion of Ahom Royal House was short-lived, and in the year AD, the whole area was resumed by the authorities of the company and annexed to the British territory with the appointment of Col.
Aham White as the political agent on 16 September during the same year.
By a proclamation inthe British took possession of Assam and the area was divided into two districts of Lakhimpur and Sibsagarwhere the Doyang — Dhansiri valley was included under the newly formed Golaghat subdivision of Sibsagar district in Golaghat became the largest subdivision in Assam and comprised Dergaon and Golaghat circles. Golaghat circle was the largest among them with During this time, Purandar Singha continued to rule with Jorhat as the capital of his territory, Upper — Assam, but with the formation of two other subdivisions, one at Jaipur and the other at Golaghat.
Ghanashyam Barua, a resident of this place, reckoned in the field of politics as the first Central Minister of Assam, translated William Shakespeare 's The Comedy of Errors into Assamese along with three of his partners.